Max: Although doing so would be very costly, humans already possess the technology to build colonies on the Moon. As ...

Jacob on September 21, 2017


can explain why A is correct and B is incorrect

4 Replies

Stephanie on April 15, 2019

Please explain why A is the right answer and B is not.

Ava on February 2 at 01:54AM

@JayDee8732 and @Steph I also got this question wrong and chose B. I think what I missed in the stimulus is how "economic incentives" figures in the argument. Economic incentives are what is going to ultimately "push" this big project to be undertaken and the author underestimates the role that these incentives play. This is my guess to why A is correct but clarification from an instructor would be helpful!

Francisco on July 15 at 12:01AM

Can we get some clarification for the questions above please?

The stimulus begins by identifying that such a project would be costly but this does not say that this alone is the reason the project has not begun. This is why I chose B. How do we know that the cost plays a bigger role?

Victoria on July 16 at 01:56PM

Hi @JayDee8732, @Steph, @shafieiava, and @fdaniel,

Sorry for the delayed response. Hopefully I can help clear things up a bit!

We are looking for the flaw that Max makes in making their argument.

Max concludes that colonies on the Moon will almost certainly be built and severe overcrowding on Earth will be relieved.

Why? Because, while it would be very costly, humans already possess the technology required to do so and because there will be a growing economic incentive to build the colonies to relieve overcrowding on Earth.

What is the flaw here? Max assumes that the economic incentive to build the colonies will eventually grow to the point that it will make financial sense to build colonies on the Moon.

This is restated by answer choice (A), making it the correct answer.

While the stimulus does not say that the cost is the only reason why the project has not begun, Max argues that, despite this cost, the growing economic incentive means that it is almost certain that such colonies will be built on the Moon. @shafieiava, the author overestimates the role that these incentives will play i.e. they assume that the incentives will eventually outweigh the cost, making building colonies on the Moon financially feasible.

Answer choice (B) is incorrect because it is too strong. Max does not argue that the only way to relieve overcrowding on Earth is to build colonies on the Moon; rather, they note that, as time progresses, there will be an increasing economic incentive to build these colonies as one possible way to house some of Earth's population.

Hope this is helpful! Please let us know if you have any further questions.