The author uses the word "immediacy" (line 39) most likely in order to express

Christine on March 5, 2018

Question 5 Option C

When I originally did the problem I did select option C. However, after you started to explain it I realized I had forgotten about the rule for compound statements and thought I had actually chosen wrong. Option C states "If the electorate is not moral and intelligent, then a democracy will not function well". When I read that statement it read as if the "not" goes with "moral and intelligent" meaning it is not moral and not intelligent. I understand why you only need it to be "not moral" or "not intelligent" for democracy to not function well but I don't understand how test takers are supposed to know that the "not" in option C only corresponds to "moral"

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Mehran on March 15, 2018

The key here is realizing that your contrapositive in your stimulus is:

not M or not I ==> not DFW

This means that either is sufficient for "not DFW".

Either interpretation of "not moral and intelligent" gets you to the same place so (C) would still be the correct answer here.

Hope that helps! Please let us know if you have any other questions.

Wyatt on July 25, 2018

I also have a question about #5

Option D

"if a democracy does not function well, then the electorate is not moral or not intelligent"

(DFW)----> (MorI) parentheses for negative...i understand that that is a reversal but wouldnt the contra-positive of that be M&I ----> FW which is exactly what our original stem is?? or does the contra-positive have to match the contra-positive of the original stem? and the positive argument match the positive??? If that's the case then I don't understand how C is the answer because the positive form of C matches the contrapositive argument of the stem?

Wyatt on July 25, 2018

never mind ignore my post im a dumbass was forgetting Only if was invoking necessary in original stem not sufficient