It can be inferred from the discussion of clay tokens in the second paragraph that

Rachel on May 8, 2018

Textual evidence

Where is the textual evidence to support answer choice C?

Replies

Christopher on May 12, 2018

At the beginning of paragraph 2, the author talks about cones and abstract items that were representative of another object but did not look like the object it represented. By the end of the paragraph, the author talks about new forms of tokens that looked like the objects that they represented, making them less abstract than earlier tokens.

Sheikh on August 2, 2021

The last sentence of paragraph 2 states, "Many forms are figurative, such as bowls or jars with handles, suggesting that villagers' crafts were becoming more diversified and sophisticated". How does this give evidence to C when figurative is the opposite of literal? I didn't chose C because of that word. Please explain! Thank you!

jing jing on February 12 at 11:37PM

The earliest of the tokens were simple in form- . small cones, spheres, and pyramids—and they were . often inscribed.

After 4000 B.C., hundreds of new token forms . developed, as a rise in industry boosted the token(35) system. Many forms are figurative, such as bowls or . jars with handles, suggesting that villagers' crafts . were becoming more diversified and sophisticated.

I am not an instructor but I will try to help. Notice that the author calls the earliest tokens to be “simple in form.” However he calls later, more numerous in number, forms of token, such as bowls or jars with handles, figurative. Let us take a look in the dictionary to see what figurative means.

Another synonym for figurative is “representative.” Representative would suggest that these later tokens do, in some ways, resemble the actual villager’s crafts (as they were becoming more diversified and sophisticated). Representative would also imply that these later tokens are “less abstract” than earliest tokens, which were simple in form.

Abstract is listed as an antonym to figurative and to representative. Therefore, abstract does not mean representative and is therefore the opposite of figurative. By calling these later tokens “figurative,” the author is essentially saying that these later tokens are “less abstract. “

I hope that I explained it correctly. Please feel free to correct me. Thank you.