The author uses the word "immediacy" (line 39) most likely in order to express

Madelyn on June 11, 2018

example 6

can you please offer another explanation for example 6? thank you

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Christopher on June 15, 2018

This argument is one with transitive logic that in paraphrase says for a Teacher to be Effective they must empower their students to be Independent Learners and to do that they must allow students to Make their Own Decisions and to do that the teachers must have the Power to Made Decisions in their own classrooms. TE - >IL - >MOD - >PMD

The process, then, is to look at the answers and see which one can not be true of teachers who have successfully accomplished ehh task of enabling their students to make their own decisions. In essence, you're trying to identify which of the answers you can logically say is impossible.

One thing to note, it is asking which can not be true for teachers who have enabled their students to Make their Own Decisions, so it hasn't progressed all the way through the logical diagram we've developed.

(A) This depends on your being able to recognize how you can and cannot apply the contrapositive of the arguments given. If a teacher has the Power to Make their own Decisions, then they can empower their students to Make their Own Decisions. However, just because the students are allowed to make their own decisions does not guarantee that those students will become independent learners. SO it's possible that the students do not become independent learners.

(B) This can piggyback off of (A). Since it is possible for the students to not become independent learners, and students must become independent learners for a teacher to be effective, it is possible for teachers not to be effective.

(C) It is also possible that they are effective teachers. They have the Power to Make their own Decisions, which can allow for students to Make their Own Decisions, which allows students to become Independent Learners, which means the Teacher could be Effective.

(D) Actually must be true given that the assumption is that the students have been enabled to make their own decisions.

(E) If this were true, then the students would not have the power to Make their Own Decisions, which the question specifically says that they do. Therefore this contradicts the logic of the question and cannot be true.

Does that help?

Anonymous on September 18, 2018

For question 6 I'm getting lost on diagramming the sentence "yet not until teachers have the power to make decisions in their own classrooms can they enable their students to make their own decisions" or MOD -> PMD. In the explanation we see that to diagram "until", you negate the sufficient condition (in the example I see it being "enabling the students to make their own decisions"/MOD). However when the sufficient condition is diagrammed, I feel like nothing is changed and we just diagram what the sentence says originally, "students make own decision" = MOD.
Where/How does the "Yet not" come into play? Does the "yet not" in the beginning of the sentence negate the whole sentence therefore when we negate the MOD it would just be diagrammed MOD? If this is the case would PMD not be negated as well and therefore diagrammed with a line through it? Stated differently, why does the "yet not" not impact the PMD..?