Which one of the following best describes the organization of the last paragraph?

Eleazar on November 12, 2018


I don't see how we get to this answer choice.

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Mehran on November 13, 2018

Hi @Eleazor, thanks for your post. This question asks us to select the answer choice that "best describes the organization of the last paragraph." Well, let's first take a quick look back at that paragraph.

This lengthy paragraph serves to answer the question, "Why were the contributions of these technicians not recognized by their employers?" (Lines 32-23) This question relates to the topic described in the previous paragraph - the fact that upper class British scientists often did not perform the actual scientific experiments on which their published accounts relied.

A number of reasons are provided to answer this question. (1) the historical tendency "to view scientific discovery as resulting from momentary flashes of individual insight . . ." (Lines 33-39). (2) the fact that "science was still overwhelmingly an activity of the English upper class," which had "traditional contempt" for "manual labor" (Lines 39-44) and (3) Finally, the fact that "servants" - anyone who worked for pay - "were excluded from the franchise" and "remained invisible in the political economy of science" because they were assumed to not be objective because they "were dependent on the wages paid to them by their employers." (Lines 45-64).

Answer choice (D) correctly describes this paragraph's overall organization: a question regarding the cause of the phenomenon described in the previous paragraph is posed, and several contributing factors (explaining the cause) are then discussed.

Hope that helps! Please let us know if you have any additional questions.