The author of passage B would be most likely to agree with which one of the following statements regarding researcher...

on January 14, 2019

Why is the correct answer D?

I dont understand the correct answer choice. Could someone explain?

2 Replies

Michelle on February 2, 2019

Thanks for your question @alexaojanovac1

We find our answer to this question in Passage B's final paragraph. The author says, "These arguments are circular: conscious intention is ruled out a priori and then its absence is taken as evidence..."

Ruling something out a priori, or before observance, means you're making assumptions without any evidence.

Hope this helps!

Avi on May 21 at 04:33PM

I don't see why D is the right answer. Although you point out that passage B states that animals may have consciousness, passage A brings evidence that animals don't communicate with intent.
Also, why is A incorrect. The end of passage B states how often humans will communicate with less intent than we give them credit for. Isn't that a critique on passage A's definition of language?