The author's characterization of stealing thunder in the passage is based at least partly on both

on January 16 at 12:03AM

question

Hello ,I chose D instead of E for this one and Id like to know why E is the better answer. Thanks!

1 Reply

Ravi on February 16 at 06:35PM

@Ceci,

Happy to help.

The question says, "The author’s characterization of stealing thunder
in the passage is based at least partly on both..."

(D) says, "informal observations of nontrial uses of techniques
analogous to stealing thunder and controlled studies of lawyers’
courtroom behavior"

The problem with (D) is that it deals with a study involving actual
trials (controlled studies of lawyers' courtroom behavior). However,
in lines 11 and 12 in the text we're told that "no empirical research
has directly tested the effectiveness of stealing thunder in actual
trials," so we have textual support to directly contradict (D).
Additionally, none of the nontrial techniques analogous to stealing
thunder that were mentioned in the passage were informal; the
"psychological research" mentioned in line 22 and the "psychological
experiments" mentioned in line 29 were both formal observations, so
the first part of (D) is also descriptively inaccurate. Thus, we can
get rid of this answer choice.

(E) says, "research that was not directly concerned with legal
proceedings and research in which subjects participated in simulated
trial situations"

The "research that was not directly concerned with legal proceedings"
describes the psychological research (line 22) and psychological
experiments (line 29) well. The psychological research discussed in
lines 22 to 25 deals with people revealing information in general
settings, and the study mentioned in lines 33 to 36 involves comparing
information and different commodities. None of this research directly
deals with legal proceedings. The "research in which subjects
participated in simulated trial situations" describes the simulated
trial situations mentioned in lines 11 to 15. These line references
all point to studies that the author uses to provide support for her
conclusion. (E) has strong textual support from the passage, so it's
our correct answer.

Does this make sense? Let us know if you have any questions!