A society in which there are many crimes, such as thefts and murders, should not be called "lawless." That is an abus...

Claire on April 17 at 08:10PM

Question

I narrowed down the answer choices to D and E but I am not sure how to differentiate between the two. Thanks!

1 Reply

Jacob on April 18 at 03:28AM

Hi @claire_crites,

I’m happy to help. In order to decide between D and E, let’s take a close look at exactly what the question stem is asking.

We can tell right away that this is a “must be true” question. And I can see why the two answers choices you selected are both appealing — they both seem to be saying very similar things about the relationship between societies with crimes and laws.

The key difference is the degree: answer D says:

Some crime -> some laws

Whereas answer E says

Many crimes -> many laws

What statement in the passage can tell us which one of these answers must be true?

Notice the premise in the middle of the passage: a society with no laws has no crimes. How would we diagram that statement?

No laws -> no crimes.

What is the contrapositive of that statement?

Crimes -> laws.

And notice that that positive framing also means we have found our correct answer, as the plural “crimes” means there must be some crime, and the plural “laws” means that there must be at least some laws! So the correct answer is D. (Nothing in the passage tells us that the degree in this causal relationship would be “many” for both crimes and laws.)

I hope that helps! Please let us know if you have further questions.