The passage most strongly supports which one of the following statements about the mechanism by which cannibal spadef...

Stephanie on April 24 at 06:50PM

Why is the answer A?

Can you explain why the answer is A and not B?

1 Reply

Ravi on April 26 at 04:29PM

@Steph,

Happy to help.

The question says, "The passage most strongly supports which one of
the following statements about the mechanism by which cannibal
spadefoot toad tadpoles recognize their kin?"

(B) says, "It is neither utilized nor possessed by those tadpoles that
do not become cannibalistic."

The problem with (B) is that we do not know anything about the
tadpoles who are not cannibalistic, so we can get rid of this choice.
We have no information from the passage about non-cannibalistic
tadpoles.

(A) says, "It is not dependent solely on the use of visual cues."

This answer choice is tricky because it's a negative statement.
However, the second paragraph of the passage never mentions anything
about visual cues. As a result, this is why (A) is the correct answer.
We know that the passage does say that the tadpoles can recognize
their kin through nipping at them. And, because nipping does not
depend on visual cues, we know that the mechanism is not solely
dependent on the use of visual cues. Thus, (A) is correct.

Does this make sense? Let us know if you have any more questions!