Medical researcher: A survey of more than 1 million adults found that there was a greater frequency of illness among ...

Aidyn on May 27 at 10:32PM

Can someone explain why a is correct over e

I was stuck between a and e

1 Reply

Ravi on June 8 at 05:37PM

@Aidyn-Carlson,

Happy to help. Let's look at (A) and (E).

(E) says, "fails to consider that even if a specific negative
consequence is not associated with a given phenomenon, that phenomenon
may have other negative consequences"

(E) is tempting, as the argument does fail to consider the other
possible negative ramifications of not sleeping. However, the argument
isn't flawed for failing to consider these things because the argument
is specifically addressing sleep and illness and the relationship to
these two things. Thus, since the whole argument is about sleeping and
illness, it's not a flaw that the argument didn't bring things other
than sleeping and illness, so (E) is out.

(A) says, "fails to address the possibility that an observed
correlation between two phenomena is due to another factor that
causally contributes to both phenomena"

(A) is great, as it picks up on the big problem of the argument. The
evidence in the argument shows that there exists a correlation between
sleep deprivation and overall health, and the argument's conclusion
makes the assumption that there is a causal relationship. That's the
big flaw in the argument, so (A) is the correct answer choice.

Hope this helps. Let us know if you have any more questions!