Which one of the following statements about cells is most compatible with the views of late nineteenth–century bioche...

Julie on August 26 at 09:09PM

(B) & (E)

Hi LSAT Max, I was wondering if someone could explain these answer choices for me, thanks!

1 Reply

Irina on August 26 at 09:56PM

@Julie,

The passage tells us that biochemists were skeptical of an intricate sell structure/ architecture, arguing that chemical reactions that occur in cytological preparations might create the appearance of such structures. They were also disinterested in the debate over the properties of protoplasm and were interested instead in the more fundamental issues of the chemical nature of protoplasm, especially the newly formulated enzyme theory of life (lines 22-32)

Let's look at the answer choices:

(A) The secret of cell function resides in the structure of the cell.

Incorrect. Biochemists were skeptical of an intricate sell structure.

(B) Only by discovering the chemical composition of protoplasm can the processes of the cell be understood.

Correct. The passage tells us that biochemists were interested in the chemical nature of protoplasm and considered biochemists too ignorant to grasp the basic processes (lines 33-35), hence we can infer that biochemists considered it to be central to understanding the processes of the cell.

(C) Scientific knowledge about the chemical composition of the cell can help to explain behavioral patterns in organisms.

Incorrect. This is out of scope, the passage never talks about behavioral patterns, thus we cannot infer the biochemists' perspective on this issue.

(D) The most important issue to be resolved with regard to the sell is determining the physical characteristics of protoplasm.

Incorrect. The passage tells us biochemists were interested in the chemical nature of protoplasm, not physical characteristics.

(E) The methods of chemistry must be supplemented before a full account of the cell's structures can be made.

Incorrect. Biochemists were skeptical of the whole idea that an intricate cell structure even existed.

Does this help?

Let me know if you have any further questions.