Monroe, despite his generally poor appetite thoroughly enjoyed the three meals he ate at the Tip–Top Restaurant, but,...

Ryan on September 28 at 02:36PM

Why is B correct? Why is A incorrect?

Thanks

1 Reply

Irina on September 29 at 02:54AM

@Ryan-Mahabir,

The argument tells us that Monroe ate three meals with hot peppers and became ill each time. He correctly concludes that he became ill due to hot peppers. This means that eating hot peppers is a sufficient condition for Monroe to become ill, every time he eats hot peppers, he always gets ill. But it is not a necessary condition, surely he could become ill for other reasons. If we only knew that Monroe is ill, we could not properly conclude that it is because he ate hot peppers. The issue with answer choice (A) is that it treats hot peppers as a necessary condition, saying that as long as no hot peppers are on the menu, we can conclude that Monroe will not get ill. (B) on the other hand, properly treats hot peppers as a sufficient condition - any meal with hot peppers in eat will result in Monroe getting ill.

Let me know if you have any further questions.