The availability of television reduces the amount of reading children do. When television is made unavailable, a near...

ali on October 7, 2019

Need help!

explain to me as to why the answer is correct one ?

Create a free account to read and take part in forum discussions.

Already have an account? log in

Irina on October 8, 2019


The basic idea in the stimulus is that the availability of television is correlated with the amount of reading -when television is available, the amount of reading goes down, and when it is unavailable, it goes up.

We are looking for a similar cause and effect pattern of reasoning in one of the answer choices.

(A) has a similar pattern, demonstrating a correlation between money supply and interest rates. Money supply (cause) -> interest rates (effect).

Let's briefly look at the incorrect answer choices:

(B) Consumption of candy -> appetite

This answer choice switches from candy -> appetite correlation to healthy meals -> less candy in its conclusion, thus reversing the cause and effect relationship - an element absent from the stimulus.

(C) Industrial pollution -> CO2 -> global warming

This chain involves an intermediate variable instead of two variables that directly correlate with each other.

(D) Other factors -> voting behavior

This answer choice provides how various other factors - confidence/ facial expression affect voting behavior, again this is not a correlation between two variables as in the stimulus.

(E) Adults appear to read less

This answer choice involves no cause-and-effect relationship, in fact, it is more of a bidirectional relationship - the more time one spends on other activities - the less one reads, the less one reads- the more time one spends on other activities.