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June 2015 LSAT
The availability of television reduces the amount of reading children do. When television is made unavailable, a near...
on October 7, 2019
explain to me as to why the answer is correct one ?
on October 8, 2019
The basic idea in the stimulus is that the availability of television is correlated with the amount of reading -when television is available, the amount of reading goes down, and when it is unavailable, it goes up.
We are looking for a similar cause and effect pattern of reasoning in one of the answer choices.
(A) has a similar pattern, demonstrating a correlation between money supply and interest rates. Money supply (cause) -> interest rates (effect).
Let's briefly look at the incorrect answer choices:
(B) Consumption of candy -> appetite
This answer choice switches from candy -> appetite correlation to healthy meals -> less candy in its conclusion, thus reversing the cause and effect relationship - an element absent from the stimulus.
(C) Industrial pollution -> CO2 -> global warming
This chain involves an intermediate variable instead of two variables that directly correlate with each other.
(D) Other factors -> voting behavior
This answer choice provides how various other factors - confidence/ facial expression affect voting behavior, again this is not a correlation between two variables as in the stimulus.
(E) Adults appear to read less
This answer choice involves no cause-and-effect relationship, in fact, it is more of a bidirectional relationship - the more time one spends on other activities - the less one reads, the less one reads- the more time one spends on other activities.
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