According to the passage, the LRCWA's report recommended that contingency-fee agreements

Molly on October 16 at 02:16AM

Example 4

Could you explain in a little more detail why answer d would be considered a biased/leading question? Is it wrong to assume most people (from premise) are reasonable? Is that why d is wrong? Or would the focus be "some questions asked..." meaning that the other questions asked were geared towards unreasonable people? I understand why C is correct, I just want to make sure I can tell when to differentiate between 2 answers that both appear to be correct

3 Replies

on October 16 at 06:24PM

Hello @mg123,

We do not need to assume that most people are reasonable. Rather, the problem with D is that the survey basically tells people what the reasonable choice would be. By suggesting that "reasonable people would want to be told," the survey is implying that one response is more reasonable than the other, which influences the responders. This error in methodology taints the results of these surveys, which weakens the conclusion.

Molly on October 17 at 01:17AM

Got it, that makes sense. Thank you!!!!

Josh on August 13 at 12:33AM

I'm not fully following your logic regarding why D is incorrect. To me, Answer D, in suggesting that "reasonable people would want to be told" does not necessarily imply that "one response is more reasonable than the other." It’s really just stating that a subset of respondents with a given characteristic are answering a certain way on some questions.

I interpret this answer to mean that the survey measured the degree of reasonability amongst the survey respondents ( in the same way that demographic data is often collected on many surveys) and then simply found that the reasonable respondents on some questions indicated that they would want to be told if they had a serious medical condition. Essentially "reasonability" is just a characteristic of a segment of the respondents( in the same way that Gender, age, income, occupation, etc. could be a characteristic), and those respondents are answering, on some questions, that they would want to be told if they had a serious medical condition.

Based on this, I felt that D was incorrect because you're generalizing from a specific segment of people (i.e the reasonable people) to make a generalization about the general population (I.e most people").
However, I was a bit unsure about this, because the scenario above doesn't exclude the possibility that those the unreasonable respondents ALSO would want to be told that they had a serious medical condition (just because a segment of the respondents answer in a certain way on some questions does not exclude other segments from answering in the same way).