Legislator: The recently released crime statistics clearly show that the new laws requiring stiffer punishments for ...

on October 18 at 03:02AM

Explain answer choice E

Greetings, could you please explain answer choice E in relation to the stimulus? Thank you!

1 Reply

Friday at 12:16AM

Hello @AmMaSu,

Absolutely!

The legislator has concluded that the new laws have reduced crime. What is her support? Since they were enacted, crime has decreased by one-fourth in the areas covered by the laws.

The analyst disputes that the new laws led to the drop in crime. Why? Because areas without the new laws also had a one-fourth decrease. This implies that some other factor may have caused the crime rate decrease in all of these areas.

In terms of strategy, what is the analyst doing? He is saying that the legislator made an unfounded claim of cause and effect.

Let's look at E. It matches the analyst's response. The legislator did draw a conclusion about cause and effect. The legislator failed to consider that the drop in crime (alleged affect) occurred without the new laws (alleged cause.)