Of the citizens who disapprove of the prime minister's overall job performance, most disapprove because of the prime ...

Ryan on October 18, 2019

Why is A correct? Why is B incorrect?


1 Reply

Irina on October 19, 2019


The argument tells us that:

People disapprove -> most against tax
T not against tax
T approves

This is a flawed argument since we cannot use transposition with a particular statement, such as "most."

Let's compare it to (A) and (B)

People support logging -> most think it reduces fire risk.
A does not think it will reduce the risk
A opposes logging

This flawed reasoning pattern is identical to the stimulus.

(B) People expect an increase -> most think it is a good reason for a school
B does not expect an increase
B does not favor a new school

This is also a flawed reasoning pattern but it is clearly different from the stimulus, as it attempts to negate the antecedent instead.