Some people believe that good health is due to luck. However, studies from many countries indicate a strong correlati...

joshgosh50 on October 30, 2019

Correct answer

Could someone explain how to reach the correct answer for this question? After diagramming I was sure it was A. Thank you in advance!

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Irina on October 30, 2019


This is correlation/causation question. I would not necessarily recommend diagramming it since there is no conditional logic. The stimulus tells us that there is a correlation between education and good health, and concludes that education and informed lifestyle choices must be the cause of good health. The issue with this argument is that correlation could be indicative of but never conclusive of causation, thus it is equally likely that a third confounding variable is responsible for both - high education level and good health, for example one's income. (D) accurately expresses this flaw as the argument ignores the possibility of a third variables and concludes that high education is the cause of good health.

Let me know if you have any further questions.