A large survey of scientists found that almost all accept Wang's Law, and almost all know the results of the Brown-Ei...

lerondagates on November 8, 2019

Why A and not B? Not sure I understand

Is the answer A bc the scientists know the results of the B.E experiment and the negation of A would be that they are not aware of the results of the B.E experiment with Wang's Law and how it contradicts Minsk Hypothesis? If they are not aware then maybe they would not accept? They knew the results of B.E Why A and not B? Thanks for the help!

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Skylar on November 8, 2019

@lerondagates, thanks for your question!

Yes, you seem to be on the right track. (A) is correct because it clarifies that the scientists who accept Wang's Law and know the Brown-Eisler Experiment are generally aware that these contradict the Minsk Hypothesis. If we negate this and say that these scientists are unaware that their beliefs contradict the Minsk Hypothesis, we cannot accurately conclude that they would reject it. Perhaps they would accept both the Minsk Hypothesis and Wang's Law, since they don't know that they can't.

(B) is incorrect because of the phrase "almost all" as used in the passage. Since almost all scientists surveyed accepted Wang's Law and almost all scientists surveyed know the results of the Brown-Eisler Experiment, there has to be a large amount of overlap between the two groups. Again, this is because most of the group falls into each category and only a few do not. If these groups do not match up exactly, the outcome is not necessarily affected.

Does this help? Let us know if you had additional questions!