According to the passage, the LRCWA's report recommended that contingency-fee agreements

Victoria-Panettiere on November 8, 2019

Question 14

Hi, I'm having a hard time understanding why answer choice C is irrelevant and incorrect. I understand why A is correct, but how is choice C not a case of effect without cause?

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Skylar on November 8, 2019

@Victoria-Panettiere, thanks for your question!

(C) states "most snorers do not smoke."

This is irrelevant because the passage is concerned with the effect of smoking on snoring, not the effect of snoring on smoking. Even if we were to flip this around to say "most smokers do not snore," we would get answer choice (D) which is incorrect because the passage already tells us this, as snoring is uncommon in both groups.

For it to be a case of effect without cause as you suggest, we would need to remove the cause (smoking) altogether and still see the effect (snoring) persist. (C) does not do this. Not only does it measure the opposite way of the passage, but it still accounts for some people that both smoke and snore.

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