Outsiders in any field often believe that they can bring in fresh, useful solutions that have been overlooked by insi...

on November 20, 2019


Can someone please diagram the statement, "no one gains such understanding without experience." I get confused on these more complex statements.


on November 20, 2019

Hello @masonnavarrete,

We are used to the if/then format when discussing sufficient and necessary conditions, so sometimes it helps to frame statements in terms of if/then.

"Problems can be solved only by people who really understand them, and no one gains such understanding without experience."

If someone solved a problem (SP), then what? That person really understood (U) it. No exceptions, because people with understanding are the only ones who can solve problems.
SP - - - - - - - - > U

If that person had the understanding (U), then what? That person had experience (E). No exceptions, because no one gains understanding without experience.
U - - - - - - - - - -> E

Combining these statements: SP - - - - - - >U - - - - - - ->E
Understanding and experience are both necessary for solving problems, which is why C is correct.

It is very important that you practice identifying sufficient and necessary conditions when they are not explicitly written in the if/then format. In this case, "only" and "no one" were key words.

on August 25, 2020

The word "always" in answer choice C made me think that it was too strong of a word for a must be true question? Please explain