Which one of the following arguments is most closely analogous to the author's argument in the second paragraph?

Ryan on December 17, 2019

Why is E correct? Why is C incorrect?


1 Reply

Irina on December 23, 2019


In the second paragraph, the author makes an argument that even though some ethnographic evidence supports the resource-procurement theory and archeological evidence for it is sparse, other ethnographic evidence points to a different theory.

(E) similarly presents a scenario where the case rests almost entirely on circumstantial (ethnographic versus archeological) evidence, but other circumstantial (ethnographic) evidence suggests that the defendant is innocent (presents a different theory).

(C) is incorrect because even though the first part matches the original argument, the second part is an unwarranted conclusion - "there is no direct evidence to support the charge.." The author never says that there is absolutely no archeological evidence in favor of the resource procurement model, rather that "most of the evidence" invoked in its favor is ethnographic (circumstantial).