It can be inferred from the passage that the author would be most likely to agree with which one of the following sta...

Manvir on December 26 at 03:32AM

Is E incorrect because we don't have enough evidence to assume that it is the biggest category?

Why is E incorrect?

1 Reply

Ravi on December 26 at 05:29AM

@manvir,

Let's take a look at (E) and (B).

(E) says, "The main category of risk that is usually incurred
completely involuntarily is the risk of natural disaster."

The problem with (E) is that the passage doesn't say anything about
the main category of involuntary risk. The passage only mentions
asteroid risks, but it's entirely possible that there could be other
types of involuntary risks as well, so we don't have enough material
to support (E), as the author never provides us with any sort of
comprehensive list of which risks are considered to be totally
involuntary.

(B) says, "The fact that plane crash victims chose to fly would
usually be deemed by policy experts to be largely irrelevant to
decisions about the government’s role in regulating air safety."

(B) looks great, and there's textual support for it in lines 9 through
13. The voluntariness of a risk is a key difference between how
laypeople and experts judge risks. The experts focus on aggregate
lives at stake, whereas regular folks care about whether or not an
activity was voluntary. Thus, the author would definitely agree with
(B), as it summarizes precisely how experts would view that situation
(they wouldn't care about whether or not plane victims chose to fly;
they'd be focusing on aggregate lives at stake).

Does this make sense? Let us know if you have any other questions!