In a study of honesty conducted in various retail stores, customers who paid in cash and received change were given a...

on January 5, 2020

A vs. D

First I chose A, then I switched to D, then I chose A again then I switched it to D. Please explain why A is better?


Skylar on January 5, 2020

@tomgbean, happy to help.

(A) is a better answer because it gets at the point that the customers may not have realized they received an extra dollar. Imagine the answer to the question posed in (A) is no, the people did not count their change. In this case, we could not accurately say that these people "behaved dishonestly," because they would not have known about the extra dollar in the first place. This ignorance prevents them from having the choice to act honestly or dishonestly.

(D) is incorrect because it is irrelevant. Whether or not the people who returned the extra dollar knew that it was intentionally given to them does not change the fact that they chose to behave honestly. Perhaps their motives for behaving honestly were affected by this knowledge, but their behavior is honest regardless.

Does that make sense? Please let us know if you have any other questions and best of luck with your studies!