Which one of the following could be an accurate account of all the kinds of material recycled at each recycling cente...

on January 20, 2020


I am a little confused as to when a condition also implies a contrapositive. Is it when the condition states either "any" or "every"?


on January 20, 2020

Hello @rosemarie,

I think I can explain that. There isn't anything that implies a contrapositive. Rather, words like "any" and "every" are indicators that we are looking at sufficient and necessary reasoning. A contrapositive is simply another way to diagram a conditional statement.

For example:
Every reptile lays eggs.
r - - - - - - - - -> lays eggs
(sufficient) (necessary)

A contrapositive demonstrates what happens when the necessary condition fails. The sufficient condition also fails.

does not lay eggs - - - > is not a reptile.

This is the contrapositive of our previous diagram. They both carry the exact same logic. You may prefer to use one or the other, but they have the same meaning.

I'll give you another example.

Any student in the history class (H) also takes geometry (G).
H - - - - - - - -> G

If a student is not taking geometry, what can we conclude? That they are not in the history class.

not G - - - - - - - > not H

This is what the contrapositive represents. If you meant to say that "any" and "every" introduce sufficient conditions, then that would be correct.

on December 16, 2020

how do we know center 2 does not collect plastic??