The author uses the word "immediacy" (line 39) most likely in order to express

Mazen on February 6, 2020

"Even if"

Hello, Please, would an expert show us how the phrase "even if" is diagrammed? Does it introduce the necessary or the sufficient? Any negation of either of the conditionals is required?....? Thank you

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Ravi on February 6, 2020

@Mazen, great question. Let's take a look, using an example of A happens even if B does not happen.

In this example, the statement means that B is NOT necessary for A to happen. This doesn't actually require a conditional diagram because it's essentially telling us that a conditional relationship does not exist between A and B. If you were to diagram this, I would recommend writing

A and /B

Which shows that A can happen without B.

You only use arrows in diagrams when a rule is establishing that some sort of conditional relationship does exist between two events (this happens when a rule tells us that one thing is necessary for something else to occur).

Does this make sense? Let us know if you have any other questions!

Mazen on February 7, 2020


Yes, it does make sense.

Thank you

Ravi on March 17, 2020

@Mazen, great! Let us know if you have any other questions!