According to the passage, the LRCWA's report recommended that contingency-fee agreements

on February 11, 2020

Cause and Effect

I am really having issues understanding the Alternative Cause strategy. I am mapping out the cause and effect clearly in my scratch work, but the correct answer choice has not appeared evident to me at all. Can someone help me make more sense of this?

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Ravi on February 13, 2020

@aguar11, which question are you referring to in this module? If you could let us know so we can help, that'd be great. Thanks!

on February 13, 2020

Questions 7 and 8... How do you know the correct answer is an alternate cause?

Brett on August 28, 2020

Hi @aguar11,

I think this has already been explained before, but I'll try my hand at it too. All we have to do is to come up with a potential alternate cause for the situations.

For Q7, we can imagine that in the beginning, ALL or MOST cases were reported. This reporting would include all degrees of seriousness: mild and super virulent cases. With that in mind, the number of serious cases would be a certain percentage, 5% in the stimulus. Let's now use the info from (D), which states that the less virulent (mild) cases are no longer being reported. That means that only the more serious (more virulent) cases are being reported. Naturally, there would be more deaths percentage-wise, now that some of the less serious cases have been removed. The alternative cause here is that some cases which would have been reported initially are no longer being reported, rather than the conclusion of the virus having become more virulent.

For Q8, the given reason for why the Akabe people don't drink so much of their tea drink in the morning is the high levels of caffeine would impair their ability to do their daily tasks. If we can find another possible reason that does not involve caffeine, then we've got our answer. If it's not caffeine, it must be something else. (C) tells us that there is also a narcotic, which, by definition, is a drug that affects the brain and/or senses in some way. Perhaps that could be the reason for the people not drinking so much before they go to work. Maybe the narcortic is more of a factor than the caffeine. If so, that would explain it.

Hope my ramblings have helped a bit.