Which one of the following statements most accurately characterizes a difference between the two passages?

Sheikh on April 12, 2020

Question Types - Flashcards

- Flashcards: I do not understand - “Those whose view is described above hold inconsistent beliefs if they also believe that…” how is that “cannot be true”? - Flashcards: I do not understand - “Which one of the statements below follows logically from the statements in the passage?” how is that “must be true”? - Flashcards: I do not understand - “The passage is structured to lead to which one of the following conclusions?” how is that “must be true”? - Flashcards: I do not understand - “The passage, if seen as an objection to an antecedent claim, challenges that claim by…” how is that “methods of reasoning”? - Flashcards: I do not understand - “Which one of the following conclusions is most supported by the information above?” how is that “must be true”? - Flashcards: I do not understand - “An error of reasoning of the same kind as one contained in the passage is present in each of EXCEPT:” I understand how it is bizarro but how is it “flawed parallel reasoning”? - Flashcards: I do not understand - “Which one of the following is a proper inference from the passage?” how is it “must be true”? - Flashcards: I do not understand - “Which one of the following inferences is most supported by the information above?” how is it “must be true”? - Flashcards: I do not understand - “Which one of the following can be properly inferred from the passage?” how is it “must be true”? - Flashcards: I do not understand - “The statements above, if true, would provide the strongest support for which one of the following hypotheses?” why isn’t it “strengthen” why is it “must be true”? Please answer all questions! Thank you.

Reply

Ben on April 12, 2020

Hi Sheikhd, thanks for the question.

Let's go through them in order:

1) The reason this is cannot be true is because you are taking the passage to be true and then finding which one of the answer choices goes against the passage. Cannot Be True.

2) follows logically is the same as an inference. Must be true.

3) lead to which one of the following conclusions is the same as the passage provides which one of the following inferences. Must be true.

4) challenges that claim by.. this is basically saying how does the argument go about challenging? This is why it is method? You can conceptualize it as how does the argument do what it does?

5) most supported by the information above is: Must be true/Most supported. Archetypal question phrasing.

6) error of the same kind: flawed (error) same kind (parallel)

7) inference = must be true

8) again, inferences most supported = must be true/most supported

9) inferred = must be true

10) the reason it is must be true as opposed to strengthen is because you are using the passage to pick what must be true rather than the answers to prove the passage. When you go from passage to answer choices, you are using inferences. When you are supporting the passage using answer choices, this is strengthening.

Overall, I would say focus on the flow of information. Are you using the passage to support the answer choices or the other way around. And also, just note that the word inference is a deduction that must be true.

I hope this helps. Please let me know if you have any other questions!