Rita: No matter how you look at them, your survey results are misleading. Since people generally lie on such surveys,...

on April 17, 2020

Confused

Can you explain why A is the correct answer and why D is incorrect? My thought process is that he acknowledges that people lie on these types of surveys which means that they both would agree that the survey results can be misleading, Rita's issue was with the data.

Reply

Shunhe on April 17, 2020

Hi @Sam1292,

Thanks for the question! Let’s take a look at the stimulus. Rita is saying that Hiro’s survey results are misleading, since people lie, so the numbers are underestimates. Hiro acknowledges this, saying that people probably did lie, but disagrees that the survey results are misleading. Hiro believes that since people lie at about the same rate, the raw numbers may underestimate, the ratios are probably about the same. The question asks us what Rita and Hiro disagrees about, and this is a helpful question to prephrase. It seems like they disagree about whether or not the survey results are actually misleading, since Rita thinks that they do because people lie, and Hiro thinks that they don’t because the ratios are preserved.

Taking a look at (A), this is exactly what it tells us. Rita would say yes, the survey results are misleading “no matter how you look at them.” Hiro would say no, they’re not misleading, because even if they’re underestimates, the relative rates are close to being accurate.

Now let’s take a look at (D). (D) tells us that the raw numbers collected are serious underestimates. The two actually agree on this statement. Rita would say yes, the numbers are serious underestimates, since she says as much. Hiro, however, also says that the raw numbers surely underestimate what he’s trying to measure. In other words, he agrees there’s an underestimation.

Hope this helps. Feel free to ask any further questions that you might have.