Essayist: Winners of a Nobel prize for science, who are typically professional scientists, have all made significant ...

Hunter on May 20 at 04:25PM

Why is E wrong?

Hello, I chose E and I cannot see why it is wrong. Doesn't the passage say that while professional scientists typically win the Nobel Prizes, amateur scientists have also made significant contributions to science? I think I'm missing something, but I'm not sure what it is. Thank you!

1 Reply

Shunhe on May 29 at 07:29PM

Hi @hkolon,

Thanks for the question! So let’s take a look at this stimulus. We know that winners of a Nobel prize for science, typically professional scientists, have all made significant contributions to science. But many amateur scientists have also made significant contributions. And amateur scientists are motivated by the love of discovery alone, whereas professional scientists can also be motivated by other things, like economic necessity or a desire for fame.

Now assuming all these statements are true, we’re asked for a statement that follows—a must be true question. Let’s take a look at (E), which tells us that a professional scientist is more likely to make a significant contribution to science if he/she is motivated by the love of discovery. We can’t infer this for sure from the passage. We’re only told that amateur scientists are motivated by the love of discovery alone, but we aren’t told that the motivation has anything to do with making a significant contribution to science. Nothing links these two concepts, and so we can’t conclude (E) as a matter of logical necessity from the statements in the stimulus.

Hope this helps! Feel free to ask any other questions that you might have.