Which one of the following most accurately describes the relation between the argumentation in the second paragraph a...

on July 21, 2020

Question Type

What is the best way to go about finding the answer for this kind of question?


on July 23, 2020

Hello @mb159701,

I find it helpful to take an active approach by predicting what the right answer is going to look like. In this case, we are asked to describe the relation between the 2nd paragraph and the 3rd paragraph. After my thorough initial reading, I should be able to briefly skim these paragraphs and take out the important points.

My prediction/summary would be something like this:
In the second paragraph, the author describes an inconsistency in the greenhouse theory, and explains how it was resolved. In the third paragraph, a competing theory is dismissed, contributing to the author's support of the greenhouse theory.

From these important points alone, I am easily able to eliminate a few answer choices. A and B contradict the author's support of the theory, which is clear in the last sentence. D can be eliminated, because there is no revision to the greenhouse theory in paragraph three.

In my opinion, the challenge is choosing between C and E.
E appears to have the correct elements at first glance, but there are a few problems with it. First, I would not say that the author questions the validity of the theory in the second paragraph. The last sentence shows that the inconsistencies were resolved. Also, the statement that it attributes to the third paragraph actually takes place in the second paragraph. This is why E is incorrect.

To check an answer choice, ask yourself if you can identify its elements within the passage.
Is a theory discussed in the second paragraph? Yes.
Are additional considerations weighted in the third paragraph? Yes, the solar energy theory.
Is the theory tentatively accepted? Yes.

C is correct. Do not be afraid to return to the passage.