The theory of military deterrence was based on a simple psychological truth, that fear of retaliation makes a would–b...

Nagham on September 25 at 04:04PM

Answer explanation

I got really confused between these answer choices. Can you please explain why each is wrong and why D is the right answer? Thank you!

1 Reply

Shunhe on September 25 at 05:30PM

Hi @Melody,

Thanks for the question! So we’re talking about military deterrence. Fear of retaliation is supposed to make a possible aggressor hesitate and possibly even deter it. And to have military deterrence nations have to have great retaliatory power.

OK, now we’re looking for something that has to be true based on the statements above. (D) tells us that it’s in the interests of a nation that seeks deterrence and has unsurpassed military power to let potential aggressors against it become aware of its power of retaliatory attack. This is true, because then the other nations will get deterred and not attack it.

(A) is wrong because it brings in “certain knowledge” which wasn't present earlier in the stimulus.

(B) is wrong because the stimulus doesn’t talk about the aggressor’s retaliatory power, it focuses more on the defender's retaliatory power.

(C) is wrong because there could be other reasons a nation fails to attack another one, like being on opposite sides of the globe or something.

(E) is wrong because it talks about the actual retaliatory force, when really, you just have to make the other nation believe you have a huge retaliatory force. It’s possible to do this without actually having one.

Hope this helps! Feel free to ask any other questions that you might have.