Chemical-company employee: A conservation group's study of the pollutants released into the environment by 30 small c...

Joshua on October 1 at 05:35PM

Developing skills to identify premises and conclusions

Can you please explain why D is correct and C is incorrect

1 Reply

Ravi on October 1 at 06:09PM

@Joshua,

(C) is incorrect because the argument here is limited to small companies. Therefore, no information about large companies is needed. It doesn't matter if they're better or worse.

(D) is correct because since the five companies are lumped together, the argument is making the assumption that the employee's company comprises a large chunk of the 60 percent. Therefore, it's not necessary that the other four companies don't comprise almost all of the 60 percent. If they did, the employee's company might only pollute one or two percent of the total amount, and the argument would fall apart.