Jorge: You won't be able to write well about the rock music of the 1960s, since you were just an infant then. Roc...

Jon on March 7, 2022

Analogy vs Counterexample

Hi there, I eliminated answer choice (D) since it contained the word 'Analogy'. Had it substituted the word 'Counterexample' for the word 'Analogy' I would have chosen it instead. In other words, I ruled this out because I believed the definition of 'Analogy' to be something along the lines of "describing an occurrence/situation that overlaps enough with the given occurrence/situation that truths/conclusions about the given occurrence/situation can be sussed out by sussing out truths from the analogous situation". To me, an analogy, therefore, employs a general example. A counterexample, on the other hand, gives a specific example that counters a point being made. Ruth gives a specific example, stating there are currently authors who writing about Roman culture and doing so 'well'. How is this an analogy and not a counterexample when the threshold for a counterexample, in this case specificity, seems to have been met? Thank you, JJI

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Emil on March 9, 2022

Hi JonJay,

I think that an analogy could be any situation or occurrence used to prove or disprove a point at issue. By the definition that you used, any situation with an overlap could be used, not necessarily just one that is a general example.

Additionally, I think that most examples will be specific- I might be misunderstanding what you mean by a general or specific example.

In the LSAT language an analogy is just any similar situation which shares enough common characteristics to the situation in question- which the modern writers writing about ancient Rome does.