Ethicist: It would be a mistake to say that just because someone is not inclined to do otherwise, she or he does not...

Leila on August 7, 2013


Completely lost ... ?????!!!!

2 Replies

Melody on August 7, 2013

Okay, what is the Ethicist trying to tell you? He wants you to see that just because someone isn't inclined to do wrong, doesn't mean that he does not deserve to be praised for doing what is right (as opposed to someone who resists a desire to do wrong). Our premise is: even though those who resist a desire to do wrong are considered especially virtuous, those who are not inclined to do wrong because they have eliminated all such desire are no less virtuous.

Answer choice (A) is incorrect because the Ethicist does not provide justification for it.

Answer choice (B) is CORRECT because the Ethicist is saying it is not sufficient to use the belief that people are considered especially virtuous if they successfully resist a desire to do wrong to conclude that those people deserve more praise. Thus, this assertion is insufficient to justify the claim that the argument concludes is false.

Answer choice (C) is incorrect because we never discuss the "primary obstacle to some people's having an adequate conception of virtue."

Answer choice (D) is incorrect because the ethicist does not say that the assessment is false, rather he merely points out that those who no longer have a desire to do wrong are no less virtuous.

Answer choice (E) is incorrect because the assessment does not serve as evidence for the conclusion

Try and slow down when the language gets abstract like this. Really break down the stimulus into its conclusion and premise. Don't hit the answer choices till you feel you understand what the argument is saying. Abstract language is strewn in to confuse you.

Hope that helps. Let me know if you have any other questions!

Leila on August 8, 2013

Thank you !!