Designer: Any garden and adjoining living room that are separated from one another by sliding glass doors can visual...

Leila on August 7, 2013

Garden

???!!!!! Please help me with conditionals on this one ... Thank you!

5 Replies

Melody on August 7, 2013

We know that any garden and adjoining living room that are separated from one another by sliding glass doors can visually merge into a single space. "Can" is a key word here. It is possible but not guaranteed and that is why you are not diagramming this sentence.

We know that if the sliding doors are open, and this effect doesn't exist, this effect will be created happen.

O & not E - > E

We also no know that if the sliding doors are open, and the effect exists, then it is intensified.

O & E - > I

And we know during the colder months, if the garden is well coordinated with the room and contributes strong visual interest of its own, the effect happens as well.

Cold: WC & SVI - > E

Answer choice (A) is incorrect because the variable of "contributes strong visual interest" is not the necessary condition for any sentence in the stimulus.

Answer choice (B) is incorrect because being "well coordinated with the room during colder months" is part of the sufficient condition of the sentence, rather than the necessary. Remember don't just reverse, reverse and negate.

Answer choice (C) again mistakes the necessary condition with the sufficient condition. The "doors being open in the summer" is a sufficient condition for the effect happening, not the other way around. The principle in (C) is "if the effect occurs, then the sliding doors are open." This is simply not the case. Remember don't just reverse, reverse and negate.

Answer choice (D) is CORRECT because "contributing strong visual interest of its own" is a sufficient condition during colder months. So even if it doesn't "contribute strong visual interest of its own," that doesn't mean the effect cannot occur. It could be summer with the sliding doors open, which would either cause the effect or intensify it.

Answer choice (E) is incorrect because we do not know whether or not the effect will be intensified in non-summer months. We know that intensification is a possibility during summer, but we do not know about the potential for intensification during the other months.

Hope that helps! Let me know if you have any other questions!

Leila on August 8, 2013

Thank you so much ... Btw I cannot see the last sentences you write on each reply because it does not show on an iPhone 5 ... Just letting you guys know!

Mehran on August 8, 2013

Please make sure you have updated to the latest version of LSATMax. This should resolve the issue with the messages being cut off.

Please let us know if you have any other questions or concerns.

Leila on August 8, 2013

Thanx guys! How would you diagram a except question, or better yet, choice E in this question?

Mehran on August 8, 2013

Except does not introduce sufficient and necessary conditions. It is a limiting clause. So for example, "except on Wednesdays, if I am late to work, there was traffic." This means that the principle L ==> T only applies on Mondays, Tuesdays, Thursdays, Fridays, Saturdays and Sundays.

Hope this helps! Please let us know if you have any other questions.