According to the passage, which one of the following is true of both modern criticisms made about Victorian philanthr...

Leila on August 28, 2013

Victorian philanthropy

The two modern criticisms are the "earlier" and "recent" criticisms, right? And the former was saying that the problems were too big for philanthropy to solve on its own so required state, and the latter is saying that it was a means to an end and self-serving so it was the antecedent to state control ... Right?

1 Reply

Melody on August 29, 2013

Yes, the two modern criticisms are the early criticism, i.e. philanthropy was obsolete and it was the responsibility of the state to handle the issues, and the later one, i.e. philanthropy was a way the upper class controlled the working class, and therefore was not done out of the kindness of their hearts, but for self-serving reasons.

Therefore, answer choice (D) is correct because both criticisms suggest that government involvement was necessary to cure social ills. The first blatantly suggests it, while the second implies that philanthropy in the hands of the individual philanthropists was not beneficial, and a less condescending option would be the State.