Many scientific studies have suggested that taking melatonin tablets can induce sleep. But this does not mean that me...

Mais on November 3, 2015

I don't understand why C is the answer

Why is c the answer is it not weakening the argument? also, are the answers for all the prep exams not gone over where we can see why we got the answer wrong?

2 Replies

Mehran on November 17, 2015

Thank you for your question. The question stem asks us to strengthen the argument in the stimulus, so let's first be sure that we have a good grasp on what that argument is.

The conclusion in the stimulus is that melatonin is not necessarily helpful in treating insomnia.

The premises given in support of that conclusion are:

Premise: many scientific studies have suggested that taking melatonin tablets can induce sleep

Premise: most of the studies examined only people without insomnia

Premise: in many of the studies, only a few of the subjects given melatonin appeared to be significantly affected by it.

All right. Now let's look at the correct answer choice.

Answer choice (C) says that "in the studies that included subjects with insomnia, only subjects without insomnia were significantly affected by doses of melatonin."

This would actually help strengthen the conclusion in the stimulus, that is, that melatonin is not necessarily helpful in treating insomnia.

You question whether answer choice (C) does not weaken the argument, which makes me think that you actually misread the stimulus or lost track of the conclusion you were actually trying to strengthen.

Anyway, hope this helps! Please let us know if you have any other questions.

Ashley on September 29 at 10:11PM

Why is B incorrect? Isn't this attacking the representativeness of the sample?