Safety consultant: Judged by the number of injuries per licensed vehicle, minivans are the safest vehicles on the ro...

Ankit on March 31, 2016

Answer choice B?

Was curious why answer choice B is incorrect. Is it because it leaves the possibility open that judged by the number of injuries, minivans are the safest on the road? Therefore, it does not strengthen? Not sure if this is the correct thinking to eliminate B. Can you please elaborate why B is incorrect? Thanks in advance.

8 Replies

Hannah on May 23, 2018

Also curious about this!

Anita on May 24, 2018

@AnkitM @hannah93092 B may be tempting because the wording is familiar: It's almost exactly the first sentence. Except: it flips it around. The prompt tells us that based on number of accidents per vehicle, minivans are the safest. Answer B tells us that based on that same statistic, they're no safer.

That can't be true and the prompt be true! So it doesn't help.

on December 3 at 07:09PM

How does E strengthen? I'm confused. And why does C not work? Thanks in advance

Ravi on December 19 at 01:45AM

@ceci,

(E) strengthens the argument. (E) Braking and emergency handling capabilities are both safety features, and (E) directly attacks the safety of the minivans by stating that these safety features are worse than other vehicles of comparable size. This makes it less likely that the inherent safety of minivans is what explains why they have the lowest number of injuries per vehicle and more likely that this is explained by some other factor, such as minivans being driven primarily by low-risk drivers.

(C) makes the effect (that minivans have the lowest number of injuries per licensed vehicle) more impressive, but it fails to help explain why the minivans are the lowest number of injuries per licensed vehicle. It could be because of low-risk drivers, or it could be from something else.

Hope this helps. Let me know if you have any other questions!

Shiyi on February 20 at 03:49PM

Why is B incorrect?

Ravi on February 21 at 07:41PM

@Shiyi-Zhang,

Happy to help.

(B) says, "Judged by the number of accidents per licensed vehicle,
minivans are no safer than most other kinds of vehicles are."

If minivans are in the same number of accidents per licensed vehicle
as other automobiles, but they still have fewer injuries per vehicle
(which is provided as support in the stimulus), then this answer
choice makes it seem like the minivans themselves are safer. This does
not strengthen the author's argument, as it actually strengthens an
alternative explanation, so we can get rid of this answer choice.

Does this make sense? Let us know if you have any more questions!

Snezhanna on May 26 at 06:42PM

I don't understand how E would strengthen the argument. If E is true then how would that be they are the safest vehicle?

Sadaab on September 14 at 08:19PM

Why does d not strengthen? Thanks