A carved flint object depicting a stylized human head with an open mouth was found in a Stone Age tomb in Ireland. So...

Jacob on July 19, 2017

Why is B correct?

I choose E and wanna know why B is correct and why the other answer are not?

1 Reply

Mehran on July 30, 2017

@JayDee8732 let's take a closer look.

The conclusion here is, "the object was probably the head of a speaking staff, a communal object passed around a small assembly to indicate who has the right to speak."

The support? "Because of its size and the fact that an open mouth symbolizes speaking . . ."

This is a Weaken question, so we are looking for an answer choice that weakens this argument.

(B) weakens this argument by pointing to counter evidence, i.e. "communal objects were normally passed from one generation to the next in Stone Age Ireland."

Why is this counter evidence? Because the object was found in a tomb in Ireland and (B) is saying that if it was a communal object, it would not have been buried, but rather passed from one generation to the next.

The problem with (E) is that it is irrelevant. We do not know whether this is actually a speaking staff (or a weapon), so the fact that "a speaking staff with a stone head is thought to symbolize a warrior's mace" has no impact on this argument.

Hope that helps! Please let us know if you have any other questions.