Which one of the following most accurately describes the relationship between the second paragraph and the final para...

Steven on August 7, 2017

Explanation Please

I am seeing the same problem on my screen as cnad123 described and could use an explanation of how he final,paragraph qualifies the claim in the second paragraph.

5 Replies

Mehran on August 31, 2017

Hi @Miller, thanks for your post.

On the substance of your question: The second paragraph of this passage (Lines 10-20) explains the role that studies of preserved, fossilized pollen grains can play in "investigating vegetative landscape change," since details of such changes (whether caused by human activities or natural events) "are reflected in the kinds and quantities of minute pollen grains that become trapped in sediments." In "many cases the findings can serve to supplement or correct the documentary record" for historical scholars.

The fifth paragraph (Lines 48-58) qualifies this claim by pointing out "there are limits to the ability of the pollen record to reflect the *vegetative history* of the landscape." In other words: pollen may tell us about manmade or certain natural events, but it will not always be able to give us insight into vegetative history.

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Alex on May 10, 2018

Hi @Mehran so is B incorrect bc in the final paragraph they're not trying to solve the problem merely saying there are limits of using fossilized analysis of pollen?

Christopher on May 12, 2018

@alex that's right. The final paragraph is illustrating the limits of the method, but (B) argues that the method is not viable until that particular problem is solved, which does not fit with the discussion within the text.

Thomas on December 10, 2018

So 'qualifies' doesn't necessarily have to have a positive connotation, I think thats whats throwing us off... For instance, this method of using pollen has been QUALIFIED as having "limits to it's ability" ? Am I correct?

Jacob on December 11, 2018

Hi @To1M1ar

That is absolutely correct. To “qualify” an argument is to limit or constrain it in some way. It is often signaled by phrases like “but”; “up to a point” or “to some extent.”