Principle: One should criticize the works or actions of another person only if the criticism will not seriously harm ...

Gilbert on September 21, 2014

Clarification?

I don't understand this question.

2 Replies

Melody on September 26, 2014

Let's diagram the principle:

"One should criticize the works or actions of another person only if the criticism will not seriously harm the person criticized and one does so in the hope or expectation of benefiting someone other than oneself."

SCAP ==> not SH & HEBS
SH or not HEBS ==> not SCAP

The application concludes that Jarrett should not have criticized Ostertag's essay. But, we still don't have any of the sufficient conditions to properly infer this conclusion.

We either need to know that Ostertag was seriously harmed or that Jarrett had not hoped or did not expect to benefit someone other than himself.

Answer choice (A) provides us with the second sufficient condition: "Jarrett knew that the defects in the essay were so obvious that pointing them out would benefit no one."

Thus, Jarrett did not expect to benefit someone other than himself. So answer choice (A) gives us "not HEBS," which is enough to conclude "not SCAP."

Hope that was helpful! Please let us know if you have any other questions.

Christy on March 27 at 03:49PM

Can you explain why D doesn't work as the correct answer