Anyone believing that no individual can have an effect on society's future will as a result feel too helpless to act ...

Saira on October 17, 2014

Diagramming?

Couldn't diagram this.

2 Replies

Melody on October 23, 2014

We are told that if one believes that no one person can have an effect on society's future, then they will feel too helpless to act to change society for the better.

P: BNPEF ==> not IS (not improve society = feeling too helpless to act to change society for the better)

IS ==> not BNPEF

The stimulus then concludes that anyone who wants to improve society should reject the belief that its future will be determined entirely by vast historical forces that individuals are powerless to change.

C: IS ==> not BNPEF (do not believe that no one person can have an effect on society's future = reject belief that its future will be determined entirely by vast historical forces that individuals are powerless to change)

BNPEF ==> not IS

Answer choice (D) states: "No one who wants to improve society should accept any belief that makes him or her feel too helpless to act to change society for the better."

We can rewrite this: if one wants to improve society, they will not accept any belief that makes him or her feel too helpless to act to change society for the better.

(D): IS ==> not BNPEF
BNPEF ==> not IS

As you can see, answer choice (D) merely reiterates the conclusion in the stimulus.

Therefore, the principle stated in answer choice (D), if true, would most help to justify the argument--since the conclusion would just be restating the valid principle.

Hope that helps! Please let us know if you have any other questions.

Saira on October 25, 2014

That was great thank you!