Question 18: Modern science is built on the process of posing hypotheses and
testing them against observations — in essence, attempting to show that the
hypotheses are incorrect.
Nothing brings more recognition than overthrowing conventional wisdom. It is
accordingly unsurprising that some scientists are skeptical of the widely
accepted predictions of global warming.
What is instead remarkable is that with hundreds of researchers striving to
make breakthroughs in climatology, very few find evidence that global warming is
unlikely. Alright, so we know first step: argument or facts? And here we actually
have just a statement of facts. So nothing for us to do here. We proceeded to the question
stem. The information above provides the most support for which one of the
following statements? So 'most support'... This is a must be true question. So looking
for the answer choice that is directly supported by the information in the
passage. Let's take a look at (A). Most scientists who are reluctant to accept
the global warming hypothesis are not acting in accordance with accepted
standards of scientific debate. And you notice we have nothing in the passage that
supports (A) accepted standards of scientific debate. All we know is that
moderate science is built on the process of posing hypotheses and testing against
observations and it's remarkable that with hundreds of researchers striving to make breakthroughs in climatology
very few can find evidence that global warming is unlikely. So you notice (A) is not
It is not necessarily true. So (A) would be eliminated.
Which brings me to (B). Most researchers in climatology have a substantial motive
to find evidence that would discredit the global warming hypothesis. And is
(B) supported by the information in the passage? You notice the second sentence
tells us that nothing brings more recognition the overthrowing conventional wisdom.
So, therefore, most researchers in climatology have substantial motive to find evidence
that would discredit global warming hypothesis because again the substantial motive
would be the recognition that overthrowing conventional wisdom that global warming is true would bring them. So (B) is directly
supported by the information in the passage. So (B) would be the correct answer. But again
let's make sure. Checking (C): There is evidence that conclusively shows that
the global warming hypothesis is true. Again that is never stated in the passage. No
support for (C). All we know is that very few have found evidence that global
warming is unlikely but nothing about evidence conclusively showing that global
warming is true. So (C) would be eliminated. Which brings me to (D). Scientists who are
skeptical about global warming had not offered any alternative hypotheses to
explain climatological data. And again you notice that is not supported by the
the information in the passage. All we know is that very few scientists have found evidence
that global warming is unlikely. Nothing about whether they've offered any
alternative hypotheses to explain climatological data. So (D) does not
follow and (D) would be eliminated. Again not necessarily true.
Which brings me to (E). Research in global warming is primarily driven by a desire
for recognition in the scientific community. And again not supported by the
information in the passage. All we know is that nothing brings more recognition
than overthrowing conventional wisdom but to say that it's primarily driven by a
desire for recognition is not supported.
So (E) would be eliminated again because (E) is not necessarily true.