June 2007 - Sec 2 - LR - Q3

Video Transcript:

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Question 3: A century in certain ways is like a life, and as the end of a
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century approaches people behave toward that century much as someone who is
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nearing the end of life does toward that life. So just as people in their
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last years spend much time looking back on events of their life, people at a
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century's end blank. Alight so you notice which of the following most logically
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completes the argument. So we have an argument completion question.
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Argument completion questions are really just like must be true question because if it's
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asking us what logically completes the argument logically completes means
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that it follows logically or must be true. So therefore we're picking an
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answer choice that completes the argument based on what was included in
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the rest of the passage. So as you notice this passage is comparing a century to
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a life. And how? Well, as the end of a century approaches people behave toward
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that century much as someone who is nearing the end of their life is gonna
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treat that life. So just as people in the last year spent much time looking
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back on the events of their lives
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people as centuries in much time looking back on the events of the past century.
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You notice that logicaly completes the argument because if I'm analogizing the way people
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behave towards the end of their lives to the way people behave toward an end of a
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century and I said at the end of their lives they spent much time looking back at the
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events of their life. Well therefore at a century's end these people will
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spend much time looking back on the events of the past century. You notice that
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that follows logically. It logically completes the argument. So these are really a
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subset of must be true question. So now we're looking for the answer choice that
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restates this idea that they spent much time looking back on the events
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of the past century. Let's take a look at (A): Reminisce about their own lives.
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And clearly (A) is out because that is what people do toward the end of their
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lives.
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The end of the passage here is what they're doing it a century's end. (B) Fear that their own lives are
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about to end. Again does not follow. Nothing about that in the passage. How could that
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logically complete argument? So (B) is out.
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(C) Focus on what the next century will bring. And again, no, we're looking back or reminiscing
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on the events of our lives. So therefore at a centuries end we will look back on
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the events of the century not about what next century will bring future life would bring if there is even this idea of
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reincarnation. But that is the idea (C) again does not logically complete this argument.
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Which brings us to (D): Become very interested in the history of the century
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just ending. And you notice that logically completes the argument. Basically restating the
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idea that they spent much time looking back on the events of the past century.
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The history of the century that just ended. So (D) here would be the correct answer
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as it logically completes this argument. We're analogizing between the end of a
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person's life an end of the century with the way they treat the end of their
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lives by looking back on the events of their life. Well therefore at
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the end of the century they would look back on the events of the past century or the history of
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the century just ending. Again just making sure checking (E): Reflect on how certain
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unfortunate events of the century could have been avoided. And again it's not
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about looking back to things we wanted to change. Just by looking back on the
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events of one's life and then analogizing to the events of the past century.