question 9: Although video game sales have increased steadily over the past
three years we can expect a reversal of this trend in the very near future.
Historically over three quarters of video games sold have been purchased by
people from 13 to 16 years of age, and the number of people in this age group
is expected to decline steadily over the next ten years. Alright, so argument or facts? We have an
argument. What is this passage trying to convey? It's that we can expect a reversal
of this trend. What was this trend? That video game sales increased steadily over
the past three years. We can expect that to reverse in the very near future. And
how does the author prove that? Well, historically three quarters of video games sold
have been purchased by people from 13 to 16 years of age and the number of people
in this age group is expected to decline steadily over the next ten
years. So now that we have a clear understanding of this argument let's proceed to the
question stem. Which one of the following if true would most seriously weaken
the argument. Most seriously weaken... This is a weaken question. So we're trying to
weaken his argument that we can expect a reversal of this trend in the very near
Again this trend being the increase in video game sales over the past few years.
And why? Because historically three quarters of video games have been bought by people from 13 to
16 years of age and the number of people in this age group is expected to decline
steadily over the next ten years. So let's take a look here at (A). Most people 17
years old or older have never purchased a video game. And you notice that if anything
(A) strengthens this argument by telling us people above this age do not buy
video games. So (A) is out. We are trying to weaken. (B) Video game rentals have declined over
Completely irrelevant. This argument is about sales and the fact that video game
rentals have declined over the past three years is entirely consistent with
the increase in video game sales
over that same period. So (B) does not help us and (B) would be eliminated. (C) New
technology will undoubtedly make entirely new entertainment options available over
the next 10 years. And again you notice if anything (C) strengthens this argument. Not only are
we gonna have less people between the ages of 13 and 16
who historically buy three quarters of video games but also new technologies
are going to come out with new entertainment options. So just another
reason to expect a reversal in this trend in the near future. So (C) would be
eliminated. (D) The number of different types of video games available is
unlikely to decrease in the near future. Again completely irrelevant. What does that have to do
with this argument? Which brings process of elimination to (E).
Most of the people who have purchased video games over the past three years are
over the age of 16. And you notice this clearly weakens this argument because over the
past few years when we saw this increase in video game sales most of the people
buying them were over sixteen. The author though looks to historical numbers and
says historically three quarters of video games have been purchased by people ages
13 to 16 but what we really care about is who was buying them over these past
three years where we saw an increase in sales.
And (E) tells us that there are people over the age of 16.
So the premise that the author gives us that this group of ages 13 to 16 is gonna decrease over the next
ten years doesn't really matter.
So it weakens the argument and (E) would be the correct answer.