Questions 22, Editorialist: News media rarely cover local politics thoroughly, and local
political business is usually conducted secretively.
These factors each tend to isolate local politicians from their electorates.
This has the affect of reducing the chance that any particular act of resident participation
will elicit a positive official response, which in turn, discourages resident participation
First-step argument or facts?
Clearly, we have a set of facts here.
If you notice, the passage is structured as follows: first we have these two factors,
the news media's poor coverage, and second, the fact that local political business is
These two factors lead to isolating local politicians from their electorates.
This has the effect of reducing the chance that any particular act of resident participation
will elicit a positive official response, which in turn discourages resident participation
All right, so now that we have that clear, we move to the question stem: Which of the
following most strongly supported by the editorialist's statements?
Most strongly supported, we're looking for what must be true, based on the information
that we just encountered in the passage.
Looking at answer choice (A), Particular acts of resident participation would be likely
to elicit a positive response from local politicians if those politicians were less isolated from
Does that have to be true?
You notice, it does not.
It doesn't tell us that it would be likely to elicit a positive response if they were
All we know is that because politicians are isolated, this reduces the change that participation
will elicit a positive response, and this discourages resident participation.
Nothing about whether it would be likely to elicit a positive response if they were less
isolated, so (A) is not supported and (A) would be eliminated.
(B), Local political business should be conducted less secretively, because this would avoid
discouraging resident participation in local politics.
Again, this does not follow.
We know that there's two factors, local political business being secretive, but also the news
media that tends to isolate politicians, which in turn, lowers the chance that a particular
act of resident participation will elicit a positive response, and this results in discouraging
But just having local political business conducted less secretively would not avoid discouraging
resident participation in local politics, because we still have this problem of the
news media's poor coverage, so (B) does not follow, and (B) would be eliminated.
(C), The most important factor influencing a resident's decision as to whether to participate
in local politics is the chance that the participation will elicit a positive official response.
Well, we know it's clearly a factor, because when it reduces the chance that it will have
a positive response, this discourages their participation, but for us to say it's the
most important factor, that is not supported by the information in the passage, so (C)
would be eliminated.
Moving to (D), More frequent, thorough coverage of local politics would reduce at least one
source of discouragement from resident participation in local politics.
You notice that must be true.
If we had better coverage of the news media?up here at the top, one of our two factors ultimately
leading to the discouragement of resident participation?well then it would be true
that it would reduce at least one source of discouragement.
(D) must be true and (D) would be the correct answer.
Again, at least one source.
You notice that was the problem with (B).
(B) ignored that we had two factors.
Then just making sure, (E), If resident participation in local politics were not discouraged, this
would cause local politicians to be less isolated from their electorate.
You notice, (E), just like (A), same type of problem.
We have no information that says that.
Just because we had resident participation not be discouraged, this does not mean that
local politicians will be less isolated from their electorate.
The problem that's causing politicians to be isolated is the poor news media coverage
and local political business being secretive, not this idea of local politics being discouraged.
That's another effect from these two factors, so (E) is out.