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To become a lawyer in Alabama, one must hold a degree from an accredited four-year university, be at least 19 years of age, complete an American Bar Association (ABA)-approved law school program (or graduate from one of three Alabama-approved non-ABA programs), register for the Alabama State Bar as a law student, and, finally, complete the Bar exam with a passing score of 260.
The Alabama Bar Exam uses the two-day Uniform Bar Exam (UBE) consisting of three main sections. The first day consists of two 90-minute Multistate Performance Test (MPT) questions. The first day of the exam is the essay portion of the test, which consists of ten essay questions drafted by the Bar Association of Alabama and the Multistate Performance Test. The second day consists of a 200 question, multiple-choice Multistate Bar Examination (MBE).
The Alabama Bar Exam weights the days differently. So, the MEE and the MPT are scaled to the MBE. The MBE makes up 50% of the weight, while the MEE and MPT make up the other 50%, The MEE takes 30% of the weight, and the MPT gets the other 20%. Test-takers must make a minimum score of 260 to pass.
The best way to prepare for the Bar exam in Alabama is through studying material on the most common law subjects. For the Alabama Bar Exam specifically, the topics are likely related to Alabama Civil Litigation, Commercial Paper, Conflict of Laws, and Family Law, Real Property, Secured Transactions, Federal Civil Procedures, and more. Many find success through practice tests that closely resemble the content and test structure of the Alabama Bar Exam. You can find useful study material here at Test Max Prep.
The Alabama Bar Exam occurs twice a year and is held at varying locations. To apply, applicants must complete the admission application in advance and an original petition to take the bar exam in Alabama.
You can contact the Alabama Board of Examiners for more information about application requirements, test day expectations, and dates.
Multistate Essay Exam (MEE)
The Multistate Essay Examination (MEE) is developed by NCBE and consists of six 30-minute questions. It is administered by user jurisdictions as part of the bar examination on the Tuesday before the last Wednesday in February and July of each year.
The purpose of the MEE is to test the examinee's ability to (1) identify legal issues raised by a hypothetical factual situation; (2) separate material which is relevant from that which is not; (3) present a reasoned analysis of the relevant issues in a clear, concise, and well-organized composition; and (4) demonstrate an understanding of the fundamental legal principles relevant to the probable solution of the issues raised by the factual situation. The primary distinction between the MEE and the Multistate Bar Examination (MBE) is that the MEE requires the examinee to demonstrate an ability to communicate effectively in writing.
Areas of law that may be covered on the MEE include the following: Business Associations (Agency and Partnership; Corporations and Limited Liability Companies), Civil Procedure, Conflict of Laws, Constitutional Law, Contracts, Criminal Law and Procedure, Evidence, Family Law, Real Property, Torts, Trusts and Estates (Decedents' Estates; Trusts and Future Interests), and Uniform Commercial Code (Secured Transactions). Some questions may include issues in more than one area of law. The particular areas covered vary from exam to exam.
Multistate Performance Test (MPT)
The Multistate Performance Test (MPT) is developed by NCBE and consists of two 90-minute items. It is administered by user jurisdictions as part of the bar examination on the Tuesday before the last Wednesday in February and July of each year.
The MPT is designed to test an examinee's ability to use fundamental lawyering skills in a realistic situation and complete a task that a beginning lawyer should be able to accomplish. The MPT is not a test of substantive knowledge. Rather, it is designed to evaluate certain fundamental skills lawyers are expected to demonstrate regardless of the area of law in which the skills arise.
Multistate Bar Exam (MBE)
The MBE, which is administered on Wednesday, is developed and graded by the National Conference of Bar Examiners (NCBE).
This portion of the examination is an objective 6-hour examination containing 200 multiple-choice questions, which is divided into two 3-hour sessions during which 100 questions are administered.
The MBE tests 7 subjects: Civil Procedure, Constitutional Law, Contracts, Criminal Law & Procedure, Evidence, Real Property, and Torts.
2023 Filing Deadlines & Fees
When is the AL Bar Exam in 2023?
|Test Date||July 26-27, 2022||February 21-22, 2023||July 25-26, 2023|
|Application Deadline:||February 1, 2022||October 1, 2022||TBD|
How Much Does the AL Bar Exam Cost?
|Regular Application fee:||$575|
|UBE Score Transfer applicants, Rule III (Reciprocity) applicants||$875|
AL Bar Exam Grading & Scoring Process
NCBE scores the MBE component of the UBE. Jurisdictions grade the MEE and MPT components. The MEE and MPT scores are scaled to the MBE and UBE total scores are calculated by NCBE.
UBE total scores are reported on a 400-point scale and a passing score of 260 is required in Alabama.
- MBE: 50%
- MEE: 30%
- MPT: 20%
Required MPRE Score: 75
Results for the February exam are typically released in early May.
Results for the July exam are typically released in late September.
AL Bar Exam Reciprocity
In order to be eligible for admission in Alabama by transfer of a UBE score, the score must have been earned in a single administration of the UBE, the score must be 260 or higher, and the admission of the applicant must be finalized within 25 months of the date the transferred score was earned. In addition, the applicant must satisfy all other admission requirements including, but not limited to, satisfaction of the MPRE requirement, completion of the online course on Alabama law, and certification by the Committee on Character & Fitness.
Admission on Motion
Alabama does allow for admission on motion. Applicants seeking admission to the Alabama State Bar without examination (through reciprocity) must comply with all provisions of the Rules Governing Admission to the Alabama State Bar. Particularly, the reciprocity eligibility and admission requirements are found in Rule III.
What is the AL Bar Exam Schedule Like?
The Uniform Bar Exam (UBE) is a 2-day exam administered twice a year, with the MBE given on the last Wednesday of February and July and the MEE and MPT given on the Tuesday prior to that.
|Tue||6 Essays on any subject (3 hours)||2 Performance Test (3 hours)|
|Wed||100 MBE Questions (3 hours)||100 MBE Questions (3 hours)|
What Subjects Are Tested on The AL Bar Exam?
- Civil procedure
- Constitutional law
- Criminal law & procedure
- Real property
- Business associations
- Civil procedure
- Conflict of laws
- Constitutional law
- Criminal law & procedure
- Family law
- Real property
- Wills (decedents' estates)
How do I Contact the AL Bar?
Alabama State Bar
Attn: Admissions Office
Administrative Office of the Courts
P.O. Box 671
Montgomery, AL 36101
BarMax UBE Course Structure & Features
Comprehensive & Concise
BarMax UBE includes the 14 major exam topics, corresponding to the topics tested on the exam. We then divide each topic into 7-8 subtopics to make the study material easier to absorb.
Each subtopic includes an in-depth outline, an audio lecture from a Harvard-educated law professor, and when appropriate, numerous flashcards and multiple-choice MBE questions from previous exams. You will also receive the outines in printed hardcopy format.
When you enroll in BarMax UBE your study materials are available instantly so you can start immediately and study at your pace. Plus, there are no additional fees to access the full course after the exam.
You will also receive 10 free writing critiques (performance tests or essays). Additional critiques can be purchased a la carte. Our former bar graders ensure you receive accurate and effective criticism.
Civ Pro Lecture Sample
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Common Questions About the UBE.
What is the Uniform Bar Exam?
The Uniform Bar Exam (UBE) is effectively a national bar exam coordinated by the National Conference of Bar Examiners (NCBE) and is composed of three parts: (1) the Multistate Bar Examination (MBE) , the Multistate Essay Examination (MEE), and the Multistate Performance Test (MPT).
The UBE is uniformly administered, graded, and scored by adopting jurisdictions and results in a portable score that can be transferred to other UBE jurisdictions.
What does the Uniform Bar Exam application look like?
There is no Uniform Bar Exam application.
Applicants must register for the UBE by applying to a user jurisdiction. For example, a student taking the UBE in New York would apply to sit for the New York bar exam.
Applicants who have taken the UBE may transfer their UBE scores to seek admission in other UBE jurisdictions.
This map shows UBE jurisdictions in orange and lists the maximum age of transferred UBE scores for each jurisdiction:
|Maximum Age of Transferred UBE Score*||Jurisdiction|
|2 years||Missouri, North Dakota|
|2 years/5 years||Iowa, Utah|
|3 years||Connecticut, Kansas, Maine, Massachusetts, Minnesota, Montana, Nebraska, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, North Carolina, Oregon, South Carolina, Virgin Islands, West Virginia, Wyoming|
|3 years/5 years||Colorado, New Hampshire, Vermont|
|5 years||Alaska, Arizona, District of Columbia|
*The maximum age of transferred UBE scores in Maryland has not been determined.
Please note, however, that jurisdiction rules and policies can change, so we would strongly advise consulting the jurisdiction’s bar admission agency directly for the most current information.
What states accept the UBE?
These are the UBE jurisdictions:
- District of Columbia
- Michigan (February 2023)
- New Hampshire
- New Jersey
- New Mexico
- New York
- North Carolina
- North Dakota
- Rhode Island
- South Carolina
- West Virginia
- Virgin Islands
While technically not UBE jurisdictions, the following jurisdictions either administer or substantially administer the UBE:
- South Dakota
Are there states that are considering the UBE?
Every year more and more states are adopting the UBE.
In February 2021, the Texas bar exam will administer its first Uniform Bar Exam.
California and Florida are the largest legal markets still administering state-specific tests. While Florida has formally considered adopting the UBE, California seems to have no interest in doing so. The California bar exam, however, recently shorten from three days to two days, a step in the right direction.
What are the Uniform Bar Exam subjects?
Multistate Bar Exam Subjects:
- Civil Procedure (Civ Pro)
- Criminal Law and Criminal Procedure (Crimes)
- Real Property
- Constitutional Law (Con Law)
Multistate Essay Exam Subjects:
Business Associations : Agency and partnership, and corporations and limited liability companies.
Civil Procedure (Civ Pro) : Jurisdiction and venue, the law applied by federal courts, pretrial procedures, jury trials, motions, verdicts and judgments, and appealability and review.
Conflicts of Law : These issues are embedded in other topic areas and do not appear as standalone questions. Issues include domicile, the jurisdiction of courts, choice of law, and recognition and enforcement of other states'judgments and foreign judgments.
Constitutional Law (Con Law) : Nature of judicial review, separation of powers, relation of nation and states in a federal system, and individual rights.
Contracts : Formation of contracts, defenses to enforceability, contract content and meaning, performance, breach and discharge, remedies, and third-party rights.
Criminal Law and Procedure (Crimes) : Homicide, other crimes, inchoate crimes; parties, general principles, and constitutional protection of accused persons.
Evidence : Presentation of evidence, relevancy and reasons for excluding relevant evidence, privileges and other policy exclusions, writings, recordings, and photographs, and hearsay and circumstances of its admissibility.
Family Law : Getting married, being married, separation, divorce, dissolution, and annulment, child custody, rights of unmarried cohabitants, parent, child, and state, adoption, and alternatives to adoption.
Real Property : Ownership of real property, rights in real property, real estate contracts, mortgages/security devices, and titles.
Secured Transactions : Assume articles 1 and 9 of Uniform Commercial Code are adopted and in effect. General UCC principles, applicability, and definitions, validity of security agreements and rights of parties, rights of third parties, default.
Torts : Intentional torts, negligence, strict liability and products liability, and other torts.
Trusts and Decendents’ Estates : Intestate succession, wills, family protection, living wills and durable healthcare powers, and trusts and future interests.
What’s the best way to study for the UBE?
BarMax UBE offers comprehensive prep for the Uniform Bar Exam for only $1,895.
The course comes with instant and lifetime access as well as a pass guarantee.
In addition to on-demand audio lectures by legendary law professors, BarMax UBE offers condense black-letter law outlines, flashcards, and the largest banks of real MBE, MEE and MPT questions on the market.
BarMax UBE also includes a detailed course calendar to guide you as you prep.
And while BarMax is a remote learning process, this does not mean you will be alone. You will have access to chat, email and message boards for content-related questions as well as personalized writing revisions by former bar exam graders.
What are the Uniform Bar Exam dates?
The UBE is administered twice a year over two days, with the MBE portion given on the last Wednesday of February and July and the MEE and MPT given on the Tuesday prior to that.
How is the UBE scored?
The NCBE scores the MBE component of the UBE. Jurisdictions grade the MEE and MPT components.
The MEE and MPT scores are scaled to the MBE and UBE total scores are calculated by the NCBE.
The MBE is weighted 50%, the MEE 30%, and the MPT 20%.
UBE total scores are reported on a 400-point scale.
Jurisdictions set their own minimum passing scores for the UBE:
|Minimum Passing UBE Score*||Jurisdiction|
|260||Alabama, Minnesota, Missouri, New Mexico, North Dakota|
|266||Connecticut, District of Columbia, Iowa, Kansas, Montana, New Jersey, New York, South Carolina, Virgin Islands|
|270||Massachusetts, Nebraska, New Hampshire, North Carolina, Utah, Vermont, Washington, West Virginia, Wyoming|
What’s the Uniform Bar Exam format?
The UBE consists of three sections: the Multistate Bar Examination (MBE), the Multistate Essay Examination (MEE), and the Multistate Performance Test (MPT).
The format is as follows:
Tuesday AM: 6 30-minute Multistate Essay Questions
Tuesday PM: 2 90-minute Multistate Performance Tests
Wednesday AM: 100 MBE Questions (3 hours)
Wednesday PM: 100 MBE Questions (3 hours)
What’s the difference between the UBE and the MBE?
The Multistate Bar Examination (MBE) is a six-hour, 200-question multiple-choice examination developed by NCBE and administered by user jurisdictions as part of the bar examination on the last Wednesday in February and the last Wednesday in July of each year.
The MBE is a component of the Uniform Bar Exam (UBE). Jurisdictions that administer the UBE weight the MBE component 50%.